As someone who’s been playing ten-pin bowling games for some time now, I’m positive that having a basic knowledge of the bowling alley’s dimensions, particularly the lane’s length, can actually make a difference.
But how long exactly is a ten-pin bowling lane? According to the standards, a bowling lane must have a length of 60 feet from the foul line (the boundary where the bowler has to launch the bowling ball) to the head pin (the front pin of the triangular formation).
The Standard Distance for a 10-Pin Bowling Lane
If you want to build a bowling alley, the interior will depend on how you strategize the lanes. That strategy will entirely be based on the length of the ten-pin bowling lane.
A ten-pin lane’s dimensions are based on the standards set by the World Tenpin Bowling Association which is the international governing body that sets the rules and specifications. It’s also a branch of a larger organization known as World Bowling.
Whatever country you are playing in, your national organization adopts what has been agreed by the international organization.
What are the Sections of a 10-Pin Bowling Lane?
As mentioned earlier, having a basic knowledge of a lane’s dimensions can somewhat affect your performance, but it can also help make it a lot easier for a bowling alley builder to construct one. This can be really helpful if you’re planning to make your own bowling alley at home.
How the lane is constructed reflects why a successful stroke for bowling the ball involves a lot of curvatures. The lane is built with certain friction specifications. There are also markings placed for easy strategizing and convenience in conveying coaching instructions.
A 10-pin bowling’s lane is generally categorized into the main sections and the beyond sections:
1. Main Sections
The main sections are then divided into three: the head, pines, and back end.
The head is the 15-foot distance from the foul line. At its endpoint, the “arrow” indicators are marked as an amateur’s guide for aiming. The arrows are in an echelon formation pointing toward the bowling pins.
The pines section is where the “arrow” indicators are located, and they are the longest part of the lane which measures about 30 feet. Another set of markings can be found near the last section, known as the “range finders”.
These range finders usually consist of four lines measuring 3 feet long each. Two are placed at the 34-foot mark at 15 boards apart while the other two are placed at the 40-foot mark at 25 boards apart.
Range finders are designed to help make it easier for bowlers to know which exact board the ball will be in once it reaches the break point. It’s also designed so you can determine if your ball’s trajectory is correct or not.
After that section is the back end which extends to the tip of the head pin. It is the least smooth portion of the lane and is the area where the bowling ball executes the most work.
You might have noticed that a properly executed bowling stroke will make the ball travel in almost a straight line while rotating in its own axis, starting from the foul line to the end of the pines.
Once it reaches the back end, the ball will start to hook significantly. The angle as the ball curves and the amount of rotation it retains while traveling are keys to successfully toppling down all the bowling pins.
2. Beyond Sections
The beyond sections are not included in the 60-foot lane, but they are the most important sections of the whole alley. Basically, the beyond sections consist of the approach section and the pin deck.
The approach section measures 15 feet from the foul line. It is filled with sets of dotted markings wherein the first set is placed at the very tip while the second set is placed 12 feet away from the foul line. These markings serve as a footwork guide.
Meanwhile, the pin deck is where the 10 pins are situated. The pins are in an equilateral formation with each side measuring 91.44 cm, and the spacing of each pin from each other in every direction is 12 inches apart.
What Materials are Used to Construct Bowling Lanes?
A bowling lane consists of smoothened, narrow wooden boards that are uniformly placed. These boards are then coated with a protective layer to help them withstand repeated impact from those 16-pound balls. However, the protection does not cover the entire lane and is usually placed more on the head and pines section.
There are two known protection patterns applicable: the simplified THS (typical house shot) pattern and the sport pattern.
The simplified THS pattern has greater concentrations of oil protection on the center portion of the lane compared to the sides near the gutters. Meanwhile, the sport pattern has greater concentrations of oil on the head section which gradually lessens further away.
Due to this type of protection, those sections of the bowling lane are so smooth that they end up being too slippery. It’s for this reason why the foul line is placed on the said spot to prevent accidents from happening.
The backend section is the least lubricated among the main sections of the lane and friction will play a factor in affecting the bowling ball’s speed and trajectory.
How the Standard Distance Came to Be
The origin of ten-pin bowling can date back to the mid 19th century Germany. I read somewhere that it was originally played as a nine-pin, and during that time, the game actually suffered from strict limitations as it was viewed as a means for gambling and pastime for crime syndicates rather than a sport.
Some say that in order to bypass the bad impression and restrictions, another pin was added to make it into a “ten-pin”, thereby creating a loophole.
Whatever the story may be, what holds true is that ten-pin bowling has been openly played since then. Bowling alleys sprung up and helped shoot up the sport’s popularity.
In the 1960s, bowling became more established as a formal sport in the UK and the rest of Europe. Since then, it transcended from being a favorite pastime to a potential Olympic sport.
Popularity and Development
Countless tournaments are held every year. Pretty soon, technology will be adapted to the sport. One such example is the “Lane Master” which was introduced in the 1960s, becoming the first automated machine designed for lane cleaning and conditioning.
Although the US bowling organizations are responsible for the bowling standards we’ve come to know today, it is the World Tenpin Bowling Association (or WTBA) that is tasked with spreading and maintaining the global following.